Research: online dating articles & studies about the use of dating sites
What Big Data Says About Finding Online Love
Datascience@berkeley has put together an amazing infographic which "explores the past, present, and future of online dating".
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The economics of online dating
Paul Oyer, an economist at Standford University and author of the new book Everything I Ever Needed to Know About Economics I learned from Online Dating, talks about the economics of online dating in a podcast with Harvard Business Review. He has learned that, on a purely economical terms, one will have a better chance of meeting their true soul mate by searching through online dating profiles than going on several dates. In the podcast, he says that “..going out and meeting people is costly and difficult. Whereas, searching through online profiles can be fairly efficient.”
Study: online dating in the USA
Demand for online dating services is on the rise, specially niche dating networks, and a new wave of mobile applications will bring online dating to even more people. This is an in-depth industry market research presented in a logical and consistent format by IbisWorld.
Online dating study:
User experiences of an online dating community
This research study aims to examine user’s experience of the online dating community, Plenty of Fish (POF). Online dating communities are a growing industry tailored specifically to users who are looking for a romantic partner, connection, or encounter.
Recommender System for Online Dating Service
This paper focus on an area with a surprising lack of published work: matchmaking as a typical application for recommender systems. The researchers of this study described a recommender system they implemented and performed a quantitative comparison of two collaborative filtering (CF) and two global algorithms. Results showed that collaborative filtering recommenders significantly outperform global algorithms used by dating sites. Even users prefered CF based recommendations to global popularity recommendations. The study concluded that recommender systems show a great potential for online dating where they could improve the value of the service to users and improve monetization of the service.
Relevance and ranking in online dating systems
This is the first in-depth study of information retrieval approaches applied to match-making systems such as a dating service. The authors of this paper propose a machine learned ranking function that makes use of features extracted from the uniquely rich user profiles that consist of both structured and unstructured attributes. The benefits of the proposed methodology with respect to traditional matchmaking baseline systems are shown by an extensive evaluation carried out using data gathered from a real online dating service. This analysis also provides deep insights into the aspects of matchmaking that are important for presenting highly relevant matches.
People are experience goods: Improving online dating with virtual dates
This research was divided in 3 parts:
Study 1: this part of the study demonstrates that singles spend too much time searching for options online for too little payoff in offline dates.
Study 2: they came to the conclusion that users desire information about experiential attributes (sense of humor or rapport), but online dating sites contain primarily searchable attributes, such as income, religion, background...
Study 3: researchers introduced and tested the Virtual Date, offering potential dating partners the opportunity to acquire experiential information by exploring a virtual environment similar to real first dates (such as going to a museum). This online intervention led to greater liking after offline meetings.
Online dating research from a psychological point of view
Managing impressions online:
Self-presentation processes in the online dating environment
The University of Indiana presents this study, which investigates self-presentation strategies among online dating participants, exploring how participants manage their own online presentation in order to find a romantic partner. 34 individuals active on a large online dating site participated in phone interviews about their online dating experiences and perceptions. Analysis suggests that participants attended to small cues online, mediated the tension between impression management pressures and the desire to present an authentic sense of self through tactics such as creating a profile that reflected their "ideal self," and attempted to establish the veracity of their identity claims.
Sex differences among partner preferences: Are the sexes really very similar?
This paper is part of a doctoral thesis that addressed the question as to what type of individual we prefer in a romantic partner. To accomplish that the author presented two groups of participants a variety of questionnaires where they had to indicate their preferences for a partner.
The first group of single students demonstrated a prevailing desire for a kind, considerate, and honest partner with a keen sense of humor. Dating agency members (second group) completed similar questionnaires examining partner preferences. Again, here preferences were similar across the sexes, although men preferred a submissive and introverted woman and stressed the importance of physical appearance in a mate.
Gender Differences in Mate Selection:
Evidence From a Speed Dating Experiment
This study about dating behavior uses data from a Speed Dating experiment where researchers generated random matching of subjects and created random variation in the number of potential partners.
Its design allowed to directly observe individual decisions rather than just final matches.
Some of the conclusions of the study: Women put greater weight on the intelligence and the race of partner, while men respond more to physical attractiveness. Moreover, men do not value women's intelligence or ambition when it exceeds their own...
Research: the truth about lying in online dating profiles
Researchers at the Cornell and Michigan universities present this study about lying in online dating profiles. Unlike previous studies that relied solely on self-report data, this study establishes ground truth for 80 online daters’ height, weight and age, and compares ground truth data to the information provided in online dating profiles. The results suggest that deception is indeed frequently observed, but that the magnitude of the deceptions is usually small.
If I'm Not Hot, Are You Hot or Not?
Physical-Attractiveness Evaluations and Dating Preferences as a Function of One's Own Attractiveness.
Less attractive people don't delude themselves into thinking that their dates are more physically attractive than others perceive them to be. Furthermore, the results also show that males, compared with females, are less affected by their own attractiveness when choosing whom to date.
Who Visits Online Dating Sites?
Exploring Some Characteristics of Online Daters
The goal of this study was to investigate the demographic predictors of online dating and the validity of two opposite hypotheses that explain users' tendency to use the Internet for online dating: the social compensation hypothesis and the rich-get-richer hypothesis. Researchers found that online dating was not related to income and educational level. Supporting the rich-get-richer hypothesis, people low in dating anxiety were more active online daters than people high in dating anxiety.
What Makes You Click? Mate Preferences and Matching Outcomes in Online Dating
This study pretended to investigate the role played by mate preferences in determining match outcomes and sorting patterns. The preference estimates revealed by this research complement previous studies that were based on survey methods. An interesting point is that it provides evidence on mate preferences that people might not truthfully reveal in a survey, in particular regarding race preferences. Furthermore, they also found that they could predict sorting patterns in actual marriages if they excluded the unobservable utility component in their preference specification when simulating match outcomes.
Assessing attractiveness in online dating profiles
In this study researchers examined how Internet users perceived attractiveness in online dating profiles, which provide their first exposure to a potential partner. Participants were asked to rate whole profiles and profile components on qualities such as how attractive, extraverted, or genuine and trustworthy they appeared. Results showed that the attractiveness and other qualities of the photograph were the strongest predictors of whole profile attractiveness, but the free-text section also played an important role in predicting overall attractiveness. The fixed-choice elements of a profile were unrelated to attractiveness.
Putting Your Best Face Forward: The Accuracy of Online Dating Photographs
The research behind this study tries to examine the accuracy of 54 online dating photos posted by daters. The paper concluded that while online daters rated their photos as relatively accurate, independent judges rated approximately one third of the photos as not accurate. Interesting is that female photographs were judged as less accurate than male ones, and were more likely to be older, to be retouched and contain inconsistencies, including changes in hair style and skin quality. The study extended the theoretical concept of selective self-presentation to online photographs, and discusses issues of self-deception and social desirability bias.
Revealing the ‘real’ me, searching for the ‘actual’ you:
Presentations of self on an internet dating site
This paper is a research about the presentation of self on internet dating sites. For this purpose 30 men and 30 women were interviewed about their online dating experiences, for instance, how they created their profiles and how they viewed other singles’ profiles. They investigated which types of presentations of self led to more successful offline romantic relationships as well as gender differences.
Who's Right and Who Writes: People, Profiles, Contacts, and Replies in Online Dating
This paper analyses profiles and messaging behavior on a major online dating service. The findings are consistent with predictions of evolutionary psychology:
- women as compared to men state more restrictive preferences for their ideal date.
- women contact and reply to others more selectively than men.
- connections among messaging behavior, textual self-descriptions in dating profiles, and relationship-relevant traits such as neuroticism.
Attractiveness and Height:
The Role of Stature in Dating Preference, Frequency of Dating, and Perceptions of Attractiveness
This research study investigated the relationship between height and attractiveness using self-reports of dating behavior and subjects' ratings of photographs representing males and females of different heights. Conclusions:
- Shorter females were preferred more as dates, were dated more frequently, and were rated as more attractive than taller females regardless of the height of the male subjects.
- For males, the relationship between height and attractiveness was less clear. Females expressed a preference for dating males taller than themselves and reported dating taller males more frequently but did not rate their tall male dates as more attractive.
- No relationship was found between the height of the male subjects and their self-reported dating frequency.
- Females rated a photographed male as more attractive when he was depicted as tall than when he was depicted as short relative to an adjacent female.
Research about the impact of the internet on relationships
Online dating report: The science of online dating
This scientific report deepens into the question, can the application of science to unravel the biological basis of love complement the traditional, romantic ideal of finding a soul mate?
Crossing the Line Online: Racial Preference of Internet Daters
This paper shows how the use of the Internet provides unique insights on dating preferences and illustrates the continued importance of race in partner selection. That is, the Internet has broadly transformed the way singles date and how families are formed.
Partner preferences across the life span:
Online dating by older adults
Older adults are usually stereotyped as withdrawn or asexual, which fails to recognize that romantic relationships later in life are increasingly common. The authors of this study analyzed 600 Internet personal ads from 4 age groups: 20–34, 40–54, 60–74, and 75+ years. Some of the conclusions:
- Predictions from evolutionary theory held true later in life, when reproduction is no longer a concern.
- Across the life span, men seek physical attractiveness and offer status-related information more than women.
- Women are more selective than men and seek status more than men.
- With age, men desire women increasingly younger than themselves, whereas women seek older men until ages 75 and over, when they prefer men younger than themselves.
Research: articles about success and failure in online dating
Study: internet dating much more successful than thought
A research shows that Internet dating is proving a much more successful way to find long-term romance and friendship for thousands of people than was previously thought.
Helping Singles Enter Better Marriages Using Predictive Models of Marital Success
Current studies suggest that insufficient efforts have been made to create models that predict relationship quality within married people that can be applied to singles. This paper compares marital satisfaction and adjustment of 273 recently married couples who were introduced as singles by an online dating site using predictive models based on an earlier pilot study, and 1,101 recently married couples recruited on-line. Researches concluded that there are key elements of compatibility which can be successfully used to create more successful marriages by influencing the decision-making processes of singles.
Article: online dating: why it fails
This article, based on data and research done by the Boston University and the MIT on online dating sites, suggests that inflated expectations in online dating can lead to major disappointments when daters meet in person.
Dating in the fast lane: How communication predicts speed-dating success
This research investigated positive and negative predictors of potential relationships by focusing on decisions to engage in future dates. Results indicate that interpersonal attraction and nonverbal immediacy significantly predict POV (Predicted Outcome Value) but not future date decisions. Men reported higher levels of homophily and interpersonal attraction than women. The study also discussed the differential elements of speed-dating as an initial interaction context and the relevance of demographics.
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